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Spay and Neuter

Spay (Ovariohysterectomy)

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Spay surgery involves the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus in the female so that they cannot have puppies or kittens. This is major abdominal surgery for your pet. Spaying stops messy heats, pesky males hanging around, and unwanted or surprise litters. It also prevents certain medical conditions such as uterine infections or tumors and reduces the chances and severity of mammary tumors. The surgery should be done prior to the first heat in order to realize these benefits. This generally occurs around 6 months of age but it does depend upon the breed.The high estrogen spike with a heat or pregnancy is what sets up the female for health problems down the road. The surgery does not cause a personality change and the slight tendency toward weight gain can easily be controlled by diet.

Female dogs will generally go through a heat cycle or estrus every 6 months. The heat cycle may last several days or up to three or four weeks. She may become short-tempered or anxious during this time.

On the other hand, female cats come into heat cycles every three to four weeks during certain times of the year. They may show signs of nervousness, and exhibit unusual behaviors such as rolling on the floor, furtively hiding, or wanting constant attention. They can also become quite vocal.

When your pet is spayed at Animal Hospital of Tiffin, they will undergo anesthesia with full anesthetic monitoring during the procedure. They will be placed into heated recovery and will spend one night in the clinic to ensure exercise restriction, as they may still be groggy after surgery. They will go home with pain medications and an e-collar (cone) to prevent them from licking their incision along with instructions for strict exercise restriction for the next 2 weeks. They will return to our clinic in 2 weeks for complimentary suture removal and incision inspection before being given the all-clear to return to normal activity. If you have any questions or concerns regarding surgery, please give us a call for more information.


Castration (Neutering)

Most male dogs and cats are ready and willing to reproduce by the time they are 6 to 12 months old. They are able to breed consistently throughout the year or whenever they are exposed to a receptive female. Both male dogs and cats are prone to wander in search of romance and may find themselves exposed to fighting with other animals or even greater dangers such as cars.

In addition, male cats are well-known to mark their territories by spraying odorous urine on furniture, walls, shrubs, etc. Male dogs will also mark their territories. Surgical neutering of male dogs and cats eliminates reproductive behavior and reduces urine odor and the desire to spray. Your dog or cat will continue to have his own unique personality. He will be less likely to roam and will enjoy staying around home more. The surgery removes the testicles. Deciding when is the best time to neuter or castrate your pet is a decision you should discuss with your veterinarian. All neuters are performed under general anesthesia and will proper anesthetic monitoring. They will be placed into a heated recovery and will spend one night in the clinic to ensure exercise restriction, as they may still be groggy after surgery. All pets will go home with pain medications and dogs will go home with an e-collar (cone) to prevent them from licking their incision along with instructions for strict exercise restriction for the next 2 weeks. Cats do not have sutures and dogs will have absorbable sutures, so no follow-up appointment is required unless you have questions or concerns regarding the surgical site.